Amid California’s ongoing housing crisis, creative approaches abound. Whether in RV’s, tiny homes, ADUs or other improvised forms of shelter, Californians continue to push the boundaries of traditional housing in search of affordability.

Enter the pod. Though tiny sleeping spaces within shared buildings are not new, they have reentered the housing conversation thanks to a new startup.

With locations in Palo Alto, San Francisco and Bakersfield, Brownstone Shared Housing has converted two homes and an office space into dwellings for dozens of people, with rents ranging from $500 to $900 per month.


The basic pods are a very cozy 3.5 feet wide and 4 feet tall, just big enough to fit a twin mattress. They feature amenities such as charging stations, LED lights and individual climate control systems.

Residents share bathrooms and utilize storage lockers for their belongings, most of which won’t fit into the pods. And even though $500 to $900 may sound like a lot for such limited space, the rates are far cheaper than most alternatives on the traditional rental market.

In Bakersfield, the median studio apartment rents for $995, according to Zillow. In San Francisco, the figure is $2,200. And in Palo Alto, the median studio rents for $2,300.

California’s housing crisis has been a key factor in a mass departure of people from the state. Some 500,000 more Californians left in a recent two-year period than arrived. And about 40% of the state’s residents are considering leaving, according to a recent poll, with housing cited as a main concern.

In a post on X, the social media site formerly known as Twitter, Christian Lewis, the founder of an artificial intelligence startup, said he is living in the San Francisco pod community for a month.

“Several AI founders and indie hackers here,” he wrote, and “the downstairs lounges are actually nice.” He said the building was occupied by about 20 people and featured five bathrooms and two showers.

Aside from saving money, Lewis wrote, the benefit of pod living included that “there’s a lot of cool people here too.” The company’s founders, James Stallworth and Christina Lennox, have themselves experienced housing insecurity.

Stallworth, 31, grew up in San Bernardino. His education at Stanford took more than four years, and after his fourth year the university stopped providing him housing.

He couch-surfed and found a free option in the basement of a Palo Alto hacker house that allowed him to stay in exchange for his help developing a website. “Free was about all I could afford,” he said, so the house was an attractive option.


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