“The world is bigger than five,” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan famously warned the UN General Assembly in his speech before the global body in 2014. Pressure has been building for years to change the status quo regarding the US, Britain, France, China, and Russia’s ability to have veto power over UN Security Council decisions. The Security Council is made up of 15 members, 5 of them permanent. The other 10 members are elected for two year terms, but it is the permanent members who wield all the power.
Any of the permanent members can veto a resolution, which has frustrated members of the global body for deadlocking it’s ability to respond to crisis situations. Proponents for reforming the Security Council received a boost from Germany’s Angela Merkel this week after she met with leaders from Brazil, India and Japan and stated, “We need a new method of work to solve problems. That makes reform of the Security Council necessary, reform which reflects the real power in the world better than the situation today.” Brazil, India and South Africa have all indicated a desire to represent their regions on a permanent basis. Germany and Japan have also indicated their desire to sit on the council as two of the most powerful financial global powers. FULL REPORT