Super mosquitoes with insecticide resistance discovered in Mali It started with chemicals like Agent Orange. When modern man bought into the idea of chemical warfare, he truly believed that he could poison his enemies and the environment to death and not face the repercussions. 19 million gallons of Agent Orange were sprayed over 4.5 million acres in Vietnam as a way to defoliate the region and give American soldiers the upper hand in the jungle. Years later, returning US service personnel came back with tumors, birth defects, psychological problems and cancer. Agent Orange was a haunting preview of what chemicals would do to the world. A similar chemical approach is used for eradicating pests from the natural world. Chemicals like DDT were created in the laboratory and were used heavily for many years as pesticides against mosquitoes. Since these organochlorides are easily dissolved in fats or oils, they store readily in the tissues of animals and humans. Once inside the body, DDT disrupts cellular processes, causing liver cancer, neurological dysfunction and reproductive harm. Using DDT to eradicate disease-carrying mosquitoes only exacerbates widespread disease among the entire human race, since DDT lasts for several decades and bio-accumulates its way to the top of the food chain. In the farming fields, another method of chemical warfare was engineered to take out pests like the western corn rootworm. This pest feeds on corn and causes crop loss. To eradicate this pest, two strains of corn were spliced with different genes from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis: Cry3Bb1 and mCry3A. This splice gives the corn crops pesticidal properties; the corn is synthetically engineered to produce its own insecticide. However, the rootworms are now becoming increasingly resistant to this synthetic technology, and it’s causing more harm than good. More