Scientists have found the first direct evidence of a so-called ‘hot zone’ feeding a supervolcano in southern Italy that experts say is nearing eruption conditions. Campi Flegrei is a volcanic caldera to the west of Naples that last erupted centuries ago. The area has been relatively quiet since the 1980s when the injection of either magma or fluids in the shallower structure of the volcano caused a series of small

earthquakes. Using seismological techniques, scientists have now pinpointed the location of the hot zone where hot materials rose to feed the caldera during this period. The study was led by Dr Luca De Siena at the University of Aberdeen in conjunction with the INGV Osservatorio Vesuviano, the RISSC lab of the University of Naples, and the University of Texas at Austin. The research provides a benchmark that may help predict how and where future eruptions could strike. READ MORE