Like it or not, President Barack Obama hasn’t let a poor relationship with Congress stop him from almost single handedly pushing his agenda forward. “I’ve got a pen and I’ve got a phone — a pen to take executive action and a phone to rally citizens,” Obama once stated. He used that pen to sign 266 executive orders.

And a historic number of presidential memoranda in modern times during his eight years in the White House allowed him to bypass Congress. But a president’s actions taken by the pen can die just as quickly. “With just a signature they’re all gone,” promised a then candidate Donald Trump. READ MORE