(Jason Armstrong) What are the Ides of March? On the Roman calendar, dates were marked by their lunar phase using three markers: Kalends (Kal), Nones (Non) and Ides (Id). The first phase of the moon ,the new moon, was denoted by Kalends and signified the first day of the month; the first quarter moon fell during the fifth or seventh day of the month and was referred to as Nones; the full moon appeared during the 13th or 15th day of the month and was referred to as Ides.

March was the third month on the Julian calendar, but on the old Roman calendar it was the start of the new year. The new year’s festival was normally held along the banks of the Tiber River during the ides of March. There would be a feast and sacrifices to the Roman goddess Annna Perenna for health, prosperity, and happiness for the upcoming year. The Ides of March are probably best known for being the time frame of the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44BC. A conspiracy of 60 Roman senators, led by Gaius Cassius Longinus and Marcus Junius Brutus, in an effort to prevent Caesar from turning the Roman republic into a tyranny. READ MORE