NASA has for the first time captured a supermassive black hole sending out beams of X-rays. Scientists have always known that massive pulses of energy can be generated by black holes. However, this is the first time researches have been able to pin down a cause. Based on observations made by the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, researchers were able to spot how a mysterious source of high energy particles around the black hole, known as coronas, generate flares.

It is generally well-understood that black holes don’t let anything escape. However, there are regions outside a black hole where flares do escape. This recent discovery from the NuSTAR team, made in conjunction with the Swift mission, helps understand this science a little better. Black holes are surrounded by disks of hot, glowing material and because its proximity to a black hole, swirling gas is pulled into this material, heating it up. FULL REPORT