Black hole 12 Billion times more massive than sun is discovered

Artist’s impression of a supermassive black hole at the centre of a distant quasar. Scientists believe they have discovered one whose mass is 12 billion times that of our sun’s. Photograph: Zhaoyu Li/Shanghai Astronomical/Peking University/PA

Scientists have discovered a monster black  that is 12 billion times more massive than the sun. The extraordinary object is at the centre of a quasar – an intensely powerful galactic radiation source – with a million billion times the sun’s energy output. For years the nature of quasars, discovered in 1963, remained a mystery. Today scientists believe they are generated by matter heating up as it is dragged into supermassive black holes at the centre of distant galaxies. The new object, named SDSS J0100+2802, is 12.8bn light years from Earth and was formed just 900m years after the Big Bang that gave birth to the universe. Astronomers cannot explain how such an enormous black hole could have formed so early in cosmic history, soon after the first stars and galaxies emerged. Dr Fuyan Bian, from the Australian National University, a member of the international team, said: “Forming such a large black hole so quickly is hard to interpret with current theories … FULL DISCOVERY