sunSkywatchers have plenty of reasons to look up toward the heavens this month. October brings a number of stargazing treats, including eclipses of the moon and sun, a dependably dazzling meteor shower, and good opportunities to view planets such as Mars, Saturn and Jupiter. A comet will also make a dramatic flyby of Mars; though that event won’t brighten Earth’s skies, it should find its way onto computer screens around the globe, thanks to the phalanx of probes circling and studying the Red Planent. Here’s a brief rundown of October’s skywatching highlights, which should draw many people out into the crisp autumn air (or springtime air, depending on which hemisphere you call home).  The first big event comes on the morning of Oct. 8, when the moon will darken in the second total lunar eclipse of the year. (The first one of 2014 occurred in April.) The moon will begin entering the outer fringes of Earth’s shadow at 4:15 a.m. EDT (0815 GMT), and the 59-minute-long total eclipse phase will start two hours later, at 6:25 a.m. EDT. Observers throughout the Asia-Pacific region and the western portions of North and South America will have the best views; Europe and Africa, however, will be shut out. More